The horror genre sprang from gothic literature during the early 1800s, almost simultaneously in great britain and the us by 1850, horror stories were a thriving genre all their own worldwide, along with their purely gothic brethren.
Gothic novel & horror fiction (see also 19th-c novel) authors ♦ archives ♦ contemporary horror ♦ journals ♦ libraries ♦ listservs ♦ literary form ♦ organizations ♦ reference ♦ resource lists.
In addition to those essays and articles shown above, scholarship on horror fiction is almost as old as horror fiction itself in 1826, the gothic novelist ann radcliffe published an essay distinguishing two elements of horror fiction, terror and horror. Gothic horror, also known as gothic fiction or gothic fantasy, is a dark style of fiction that combines horror and romanticism its style combines the artistic pleasures of romantic literature with the frightening elements of horror, making it terrifying in a seductive and pleasing way.
In addition to being important to the horror genre, the first scifi, fantasy, romance, mystery, and adventure authors drew inspiration from gothic horror, so it's sometimes considered the parent of all modern genre fiction. An overview of gothic horror fiction and the history of the gothic horror genre includes a list of recommended gothic horror books.